How to Configure CentOS 7 Network Settings

CentOS 7 network settings banner

The following tutorial will guide you through configuring CentOS 7 network settings. If you are familiar with CentOS 6 or lower, you will notice that the network configuration files are largely the same.

The biggest difference between the latest major version and those below it is the naming convention for network interfaces. Prior to CentOS 7 the network interfaces were numbered, starting from 0. The first interface would also be named eth0. This is no longer the case, as the first network interface is now labeled enp3s0. To add some confusion, the next interface is labeled enp8s0.

Understanding Network Interface Naming

A predictable way of determining a network interfaces name was introduced in CentOS 6. However, it wasn’t until CentOS 7 was released that the feature was enabled by default.

The predictable naming convention assigns a name to an interface based on a number of factors. For an ethernet card, the following are used: type, bus, and slot. For example, the first network interface for a CentOS 7 server running on Virtualbox would be labeled enp3sp, or Ethernet device, bus 3, slot 0.

 

Device Type
en ethernet
sl Serial line IP (slip)
wl wlan
ww swan

Disabling Predictable Naming

While it is not recommended to disable this feature, you may disable it all any time. By doing so you return to having a naming convention of etc[0,1,2,3…].

Common Settings

GATEWAY: The IP address of your network gateway. Required if you require connectivity beyond your local network subnet, such as having Internet connectivity.

IPADDR: The IP address of the network interface.

Configuration File

Configuring a Static IP

A static address is one that is permanently assigned to one host. It is an address that is manually configured by the administrator.

  1. Open the configuration file for your network interface.
    vi /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0
  2. Add the following settings to the file:
    DEVICE=enp3s0
    ONBOOT=yes
    IPADDR=192.168.1.10
    NETMASK=255.255.255.0
    GATEWAY=192.168.1.1
  3. Save your changes and exit
  4. Your new settings will not apply until the network interface is restarted or brought online. If you are remotely logged into the server and modifying the network settings of the interface you are connected to, reboot the system.
  5. Restarting the network interface.
    ifdown enp0s3
    ifup enp0s3

Configuring DHCP Settings

A dynamic address is one leased from a DHCP server when a system boots or a network interface comes online. The following settings configure a network interface for DHCP.

  1. Open the configuration file for your network interface.
    vi /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-
  2. Add the following settings. If a configuration already exists, modify it to look like the following:
    DEVICE=enp3s0
    ONBOOT=yes
    DHCP=yes
    
  3. Save your changes and exit
  4. Your new settings will not apply until the network interface is restarted or brought online. If you are remotely logged into the server and modifying the network settings of the interface you are connected to, reboot the system.
  5. Restarting the network interface.
    ifdown enp0s3
    ifup enp0s3

Validate Your Network Settings

You will want to ensure that your network interface has applied your new settings. You can use the IP command to output its settings.

ip a show enps3s0

The output will display basic information about the interface, such as device name, IP address, MAC address, etc. The following is an example of the output.

2: enp0s3: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc pfifo_fast state UP qlen 1000
    link/ether 08:00:27:b2:73:09 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
    inet 192.168.1.218/24 brd 192.168.1.255 scope global dynamic enp0s3
       valid_lft 604708sec preferred_lft 604708sec
    inet6 fe80::340f:7dd6:76fc:780b/64 scope link tentative dadfailed 
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
    inet6 fe80::18f3:7b5:6d27:2b78/64 scope link tentative dadfailed 
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
    inet6 fe80::303d:1226:78e0:763e/64 scope link tentative dadfailed 
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever